Thursday, July 20, 2017

21st Century Bible Hebrew -- "call, give a name"

Genesis 1:5
 
ה וַיִּקְרָא אֱלֹהִים לָאוֹר יוֹם וְלַחֹשֶׁךְ קָרָא לָיְלָה וַיְהִי־עֶרֶב וַיְהִי־בֹקֶר יוֹם אֶחָד:
 
Transliteration: Va-yiqra elohim la-or yom v’la-choshekh qara lailah va-y’hi-erev va-y’hi-voqer yom echad.
Translation:     Gd named the light day and the darkness He named night; there was evening and there was morning one day.
 
Vocabulary in this lesson:
 
יִּקְרָא
call (to), call by name, name
לָ
Indirect object preposition, genitive preposition, possessive
יוֹם
day
לָיְלָה
night
עֶרֶב
evening
בֹקֶר
morning
אֶחָד
one
 
We have another lamed alef verb in this verse, and we have it in narrative imperfect.  Here’s the qal imperfect aspect, on which the narrative imperfect is built.  Memorize this; you will see it again.
 
Singular
Plural
Person/gender
אֶקְרָא
נִקְרָא
First
תִּקְרָא
תִּקְרְאוּ
Second/masculine
תִּקְרְאִי
תִּקְרֶאנָה
Second/feminine
יִקְרָא
יִקְרְאוּ
Third/masculine
תִּקְרָא
תִּקְרֶאנָה
Third/feminine
 
BUT notice that when He names the darkness, it’s perfect aspect.  Why?
 
The perfect aspect here closes off this episode in the creation story.  Something else is going to happen after this, nothing to do with light at all.
 
© Patricia Jo Heil, 2013-2018 All Rights  Reserved

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