Thursday, March 5, 2015

Bit at a Time Bible Hebrew -- Genesis 2:21

Genesis 2:21
כא וַיַּפֵּל יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים תַּרְדֵּמָה עַל־הָאָדָם וַיִּישָׁן וַיִּקַּח אַחַת מִצַּלְעֹתָיו וַיִּסְגֹּר בָּשָׂר תַּחְתֶּנָּה:
Transliteration: va-yapel **** elohim tardemah al-ha-adam va-yishan va-yiqach achat mi-tsalotayv va-yisgor basar tachtenah.
Translation:     **** Gd caused a sleep to fall on the man and he slept and He took one of his ribs and closed the flesh below it.
Vocabulary in this lesson:
He caused to fall
Sleep, trance
He slept
His ribs
He closed
Flesh, meat
Below them
“He caused to fall” is the causative of nafal, to fall, a fairly common verb.  As you can see, like many verbs with nun at the start of the root, the nun disappears in the future/aorist.
Tardemah is not a common word in the Hebrew Bible.  The next chance you have of seeing it is in Genesis 15:12 in the episode about what Jews call The Covenant Between the Pieces. 
“Below them” uses a personal ending with the preposition tachat which is part of an urban legend I discuss to death on the Fact-Checking page.
This verse has caused an urban legend that men have one rib less than women do.  It’s not true.  We all have 12 pairs.

© Patricia Jo Heil, 2013-2018 All Rights  Reserved

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